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Achievements of the Time-Bound MDG Targets

Title page of the MDG targets assessment. Global2030 released the first comprehensive assessment of all time-bound targets of the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals. The report, which comes following the close of the MDG time frame, documents the achievements and the shortcomings of the targets.

A key finding is that 8 of the 15 MDG targets reached between 80 and 320% of their goals, with most achieving about 150%. It also calculates the number of annual deaths prevented since the introduction of the targets to be between 6.85 million and 8.75 million. The child mortality target is found to be the biggest life saver. Furthermore, the pace of progress is shown to have increased in most indicators of the MDG targets. The report will be sent to heads of states, UN organizations and business companies.

P.S.: A summary of the report was released at Deliver2030 - external., which is run by the Overseas Development Institute (ODI).

... more on "Achievements of the Time-Bound MDG Targets"

Download: Global2030: Achievements and Unfinished Business of the Time-Bound MDG Targets - PDF, 10 pages plus annex, PDF (Portable Document Format), 1.4MB (kilobytes)

Internship Placements for Refugees

Global2030 offers internships or volunteering placements for refugees with a scientific background. See www.Global2030.net/refugees.

Global2015 Project Renamed to Global2030

Logos of Global2015 and Global2030 (animated). Global2030 is the new name for the successor project of Global2015. The name change is related to the close of 2015 as the main target year of the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the adoption of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. As Global2015 did, Global2030 monitors the most important global challenges including, among other topics, all MDGs and many SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals). The legal name of the registered association (Global2015 e.V.) will also be changed but we intend not to include a year number (in case new global challenges appear after 2030).

SDG Targets: Strengths and Weaknesses

Title page of the presentation on the SDG targets. Global2015 presented its evaluation of the SDG targets at the Institute for Futures Studies and Technology Assessment (IZT - external.). Using our data collection, a balanced assessment revealed the extent to which the goals are realistically achievable and those goals that will require extensive efforts from stakeholders. The presentation addressed shortcomings of the SDGs where tangible targets were missing and important issues were absent. However, the overall assessment revealed the strengths of the SDG targets and potential to achieve positive results by 2030.

Download: Global2015: Stärken und Schwächen der SDG-Targets - German - PDF (in German, with most diagrams in English), 32 presentation slides, PDF (Portable Document Format), 971KB (kilobytes)

Fact Sheet on Trends of Old and New SDG Topics

Title page of the fact sheet on trends. In line with a series of our latest publications, Global2015 submitted a fact sheet on current trends to the UN negotiations on the post-2015 development agenda. The fact sheet provides trend diagrams on MDG target topics as well as new and emerging challenges. The fact sheet identifies progress, setbacks and new topics for the SDG targets. It utilizes annual trend data series from the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study and includes a comparison with the most recent WHO and UNAIDS trend data.

Download: Fact Sheet: Trends of Old and New Post-2015 Challenges - PDF, 5 pages plus an 8-page annex, PDF (Portable Document Format), 404KB (kilobytes)

Fact Sheets on Post-2015 Targets and Indicators

Title page of the fact sheet on tweaking selected targets. Two further fact sheets of our series have been submitted by Global2015 to the UN negotiations on the post-2015 development agenda. The first fact sheet contributes to the tweaking of the post-2015 targets. It focusses on 8 SDG targets and provides proposals for changes as small as possible to make these targets more clearly quantifiable, to specify x-values in the draft or to preserve the intended aspiration. Our work is evidence-based and all recommendations are fully in line with the proposed post-2015 development agenda.

The second fact sheet proposes indicators for 17 selected SDG targets based on publicly available data. It was also submitted to the UN Statistical Commission (UNSC - external.) (see stakeholder feedback - external.).


Fact Sheet on Infectious Diseases

Title page of the fact sheet on infectious diseases. The second fact sheet of our series was submitted by Global2015 to the UN negotiations on the post-2015 development agenda. The fact sheet focusses on target 3.3 on infectious diseases, which was proposed by the UN Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals (OWG). The fact sheet can contribute to the technical proofing of the SDG targets. The evidence-based recommendations are fully in line with the proposed post-2015 development agenda and do not refer to any controversial topics or risk unravelling the package of the SDGs.

The fact sheet provides a comparison of the contagious diseases with the highest numbers of deaths. For selected diseases – each on individual pages –, it presents the latest trend data and a data-derived recommendation of an ambitious but achievable target level for 2030.

Download: Fact Sheet: UN OWG Target 3.3 on Infectious Diseases - PDF, 6 pages plus a 6-page annex, PDF (Portable Document Format), 399KB (kilobytes)

Fact Sheet on Safe and Secure Working Environments

Title page of the fact sheet on safe and secure working environments. The first fact sheet of an upcoming series was submitted by Global2015 to the UN negotiations on the post-2015 development agenda. The fact sheet focusses on target 8.8 on safe and secure working environments, which was proposed by the UN Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals (OWG).

The fact sheet provides a comparison with other major global topics in terms of relative importance. Furthermore, it presents latest trend data and a data-derived recommendation of an ambitious but achievable target level for 2030. The fact sheet is based on the latest available data, in particular from the ILO, the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study 2015 and the WHO Global Health Estimates 2014.

Download: Fact Sheet: UN OWG Target 8.8 on Safe and Secure Working Environments - PDF, 2 pages plus a 2-page annex, PDF (Portable Document Format), 179KB (kilobytes)

Further fact sheets are being prepared, and you can register for receiving them at our fact sheets page.

Data-derived Recommendations for Post-2015 Targets

Title page of the proposal for the UN negotiations. Global2015 submitted a new proposal for the UN negotiations on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It addresses several open issues of the ongoing negotiations. The proposal provides an assessment of trend changes achieved by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and derives from that an average level of aspiration for the SDGs. Furthermore, it suggests an approach to define global targets that accommodates the consideration of national trends and country conditions. Additionally, the proposal identifies major topics for the post-2015 agenda, based on the latest data on mortality and economic losses. This includes the update of the Global Burden of Disease study from December 2014 and January 2015.
Finally, the proposal suggests framing or clustering the 17 SDGs into a small number of summary objectives, in order to facilitate effective communication.

Download of the proposal: Data-derived Recommendations for Post-2015 Targets - PDF, 15 pages plus a 17 page annex, PDF (Portable Document Format), 818KB (kilobytes)

Data-based Recommendations on Targets Proposed

Title page of the proposal to the UN OWG. Global2015 submitted "Data-based Recommendations on Targets Proposed" to the UN Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals (OWG- external.. The OWG has developed targets which continue on from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which have an end date of 2015. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are intended to cover the time frame up to 2030 and will be agreed upon by the UN General Assembly.

The data and diagrams in our paper show both progress and setbacks among major global challenges, including MDG topics, between 1990 and 2010. Currently most major global challenges, though not all, are covered by time-bound and quantifiable targets proposed by the UN OWG. In particular, our paper provides data and suggestions on seven post-2015 targets proposed by the OWG, with regard to epidemics, air pollution and occupational safety etc.

Progress diagram: reduction in numbers of annual deaths 1990-2010. The paper is a pre-release excerpt of an upcoming update of our previous publication "Assessing Priorities for Rio+20" (see below). It utilizes data from many trustworthy sources such as the latest version of the Global Burden of Disease study and the WHO Global Health Estimates of June 2014.

Diagram on the infectious diseases with highest numbers of deaths per year. P.S.: The final UN OWG outcome document - external. includes now: "by 2030 … combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases, and other communicable diseases". A further post-2015 target has now been made time-bound: "by 2030 ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health care services, including for family planning, information and education". These changes are concurrent with recommendations made by Global2015.

Download of the proposal: Data-based Recommendations on Targets Proposed by the UN OWG - PDF, 11 pages plus a 22 page annex, PDF (Portable Document Format), 725KB (kilobytes)

Assessing Priorities for Rio+20

Title page of the Rio+20 proposal. A proposal was written by Global2015 for the preparation of "Rio+20", the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, which will take place in June 2012. The objective of Rio+20 - external. is to secure renewed political commitment for sustainable development, assess the progress to date, and address new and emerging challenges.

The Global2015 proposal focuses on providing neutral information on major global challenges. This includes prioritizing the most urgent challenges that the world faces today, and identifying which issues have made the most progress and which have been neglected. The data on global challenges has been updated and diagrams have been included to show the comparative relevancies of the major global challenges, the progress made on issues, and target accomplishments. The proposal has been sent to the heads of appropriate UN [United Nations] bodies along with other international organizations involved in the preparation of Rio+20.

Download of the proposal: Assessing Priorities for Rio+20 - PDF, 9 pages plus a 38 page annex, PDF (Portable Document Format), 1.3MB (megabytes)

Report for the UN High-Level Meeting on AIDS

Global2015 has created a report on "HIV/AIDS in the Context of Other Global Challenges". The purpose of the report is to assist decision-makers in assessing priorities for appropriate action, taking into consideration global challenges interlinking with HIV/AIDS. Heads of government, ambassadors to the UN [United Nations], and the heads of related UN bodies were provided with the report, in regard to the High-Level Meeting on AIDS of the UN General Assembly (8-10 June 2011). The presidents of Switzerland and the USA (United States of America), governments from countries such as Australia, Brazil and the UK (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland), as well as the EU (European Union) Commission and the WHO (World Health Organization), responded with their appreciation of the objective and comprehensive nature of the analysis.

More on the report

Survey Presented at WHO/SIGN Conference

Global2015 was invited to present its Global Challenges Survey at the annual meeting of the Safe Injection Global Network (SIGN), which is hosted by the World Health Organization (WHO). 135 registered participants from 28 countries attended the conference, which lasted from the 9th to the 11th of November, 2010 in Dubai, the United Arab Emirates.
  Feedback on this first international presentation of the Global Challenges Survey was very positive, and several participants agreed to give expert reviews of the draft survey.

More on the presentation

Special Edition for the UN MDG Summit

A Special Edition of the Global Challenges Survey was created for the United Nations Summit on the Millennium Development Goals (High-Level Plenary Meeting of the UN General Assembly, 20-22 September 2010).
  The updated survey by Global2015 covers most of the Millennium targets as well as other important global challenges. Global2015 has provided the survey to world leaders and UN representatives, and will continue to monitor the most urgent global challenges to encourage further action.

To the Global Challenges Survey, September 2010 …

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October 10, 2016 Global Burden of Disease
New data: global life expectancy increased by 10 years since 1980. In 2015, it was 71.8 years.

  • Outdoor air pollution claimed 4.24 million lives in 2015, increasing from 3.93 million in 2005.
  • Risks from indoor air pollution resulted in 2.85 million deaths in 2015, down from 3.28 million in 2005.
  • Lower respiratory infections, mainly pneumonia, killed 2.74 million people in 2015, almost as many as in 2005.
  • 2.16 million newborns globally died in 2015. In 2005, it was as much as 2.65 million.
  • Malnutrition during childhood led to 1.41 million deaths in 2015, down from 2.28 million in 2005.
  • 1.36 million people were killed in road accidents, only slightly less than the 1.39 million in 2005.
  • 1.25 million deaths in 2015 were attributable to unsafe water, much decreased from 1.59 million in 2005.
  • HIV/AIDS killed 1.19 million people in 2015, down from 1.79 million in 2005.
  • 1.17 million people died from acute or chronic hepatitis B or C, slightly increasing from 2005.
  • Tuberculosis claimed 1.11 million lives in 2015. In 2005, it was 1.35 million.
  • Occupational accidents and diseases killed 1.09 million people in 2015, an increase from the 951 000 in 2005.
  • Passive smoking lead to 886 000 deaths in 2015, almost the same figure as in 2005.
  • Risks from unsafe sanitation resulted in 808 000 deaths in 2015, down from 1.11 million in 2005.
  • 731 000 deaths were caused by malaria in 2015, a sharp decrease from 1.17 million in 2005.
  • Lead exposure resulted in 496 000 deaths in 2015, up from 461 000 in 2005.
  • Maternal health: 275 000 women globally died from maternal disorders in 2015, down from 351 000 in 2005.
  • Armed conflicts claimed 171 000 lives in 2015, according to the GBD study.

Source: IHME - external., Global Burden of Disease study in The Lancet magazine - external., GBD study - external..

October 10, 2016 Poverty
Latest World Bank estimates show more than 1 in 10 people live in extreme poverty: 767 million people (2013).
Source: World Bank - external..

September 21, 2016 Antimicrobial Resistance
Today, the first UN High-Level Meeting on Antimicrobial Resistance will commit to addressing AMR – one of only four health topics brought to the General Assembly for debate. AMR is caused by the overuse and improper use of antimicrobial drugs and has grave implications for human health and development, leading to 700 000 deaths per year (RAM UK).
Source: AMR Review - external..

September 19, 2016 Refugees
Today, the first ever UN Summit for Refugees and Migrants aims to navigate a clear pathway towards "a more humane and coordinated approach" to the waves of migration that have increased in recent years. The focus will be on tackling the root causes of migration and ensuring the safe journey and arrival of the 65.3 million people who have been forcibly displaced from their homes as a result of armed conflict and violence and political persecution.
Source: UN.

July 28, 2016 Hepatitis
Today is World Hepatitis Day: viral hepatitis killed 1.45 million people in 2013 (GBD study).
Target 3.3 of the UN 2030 Agenda aims to "combat hepatitis".
Source: IHME - external..

June 20, 2016 Conflict, Disasters and Refugees
Today is World Refugee Day. Approximately 65.3 million people were displaced by war and conflict at the end of 2015. Among them, 40.8 million people were displaced within the borders of their own country, and 24.5 million have fled across a border (refugees) (UNHCR).
In 2015, 12.4 million people were newly displaced by conflict – 24 people each minute (UNHCR). According to the IDMC, disasters caused 19.2 million new displacements in 2015, most in addition to UNHCR figures (IDMC).
86% of all refugees are hosted by less developed countries (UNHCR).
Global2030 offers volunteering and internship placements for refugees with a background in social, econonomic, developmental, environmental or health sciences.
UNHCR - external., IDMC - external., Global2030.

June 16, 2016 HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis
Last week, the United Nations High Level Meeting on Ending AIDS took place. The meeting aimed to focus global attention on the importance of the "Fast Track approach to the AIDS response over the next 5 years". Summarized here are the most crucial time bound targets set by UN member states at the conference:
The commitment to end the AIDS epidemic globally by 2030 was reaffirmed.
The UN is committed to reduce the number of, both, new HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths to below 500 000 a year by 2020.  By 2020, the UN pledges to ensure 30 million people living with HIV have access to treatment. With 1.6 million children provided with antiretroviral therapy by 2018. It has also undertaken to decrease the number of adolescent girls and young women newly infected to 100 000 a year.
The UN member states committed to financial investments of $26 billion a year in developing countries by 2020.
The UN has also pledged, by 2020, to reduce the amount of TB-related deaths among people living with HIV by 75%.
Beyond HIV and AIDS, the UN will act to reduce new cases of chronic viral hepatitis B and C infections by 2020, with 5 and 3 million people expected to be receiving treatment of hepatitis B and C, respectively.
Source: UNAIDS - PDF - external..

June 5, 2016 Diagram: species threatened with extinction rose from 7.9% to 8.7% from 1988 to 2012. Biodiversity
Today is World Environment Day: no progress in biodiversity during the MDGs period but addressed in the 2030 Agenda. This year's World Environment Day is the first with the Global Goals for 2030 on clean energy, sustainable infrastructure, etc.
Data source: UN - PDF - external..

June 1, 2016 Renewable Energies and Indoor Air Pollution
Investments in renewables at highest for a decade, at 286 billion US$ in 2015. Renewables were responsible for 19.2% of all energy, and 23.7% of electricity in 2015.
38% of the global population lacks access to clean cooking resulting in indoor air pollution.
Source: REN21 - external..

May 31, 2016 HIV/AIDS
Out today: 17 million people were accessing HIV treatment in 2015. The global coverage of antiretroviral therapy reached 46% at the end of 2015. Antiretroviral therapy reduced AIDS-related deaths from 1.5 million in 2010 to 1.1 million in 2015. However, the annual number of new HIV infections among adults remained nearly static at about 1.9 million.
Source: UNAIDS - PDF - external..

May 31, 2016 Second-hand Smoke
Today is World No Tobacco Day: between 331 000 and 600 000 non-smokers die from exposure to second-hand smoke globally.
Source: IHME, WHO - external..

May 30, 2016 Biodiversity and Climate Change
2016 is the third time in 18 years that the Great Barrier Reef has experienced mass bleaching due to global warming. It has resulted in the death of over 35% of corals on the northern and central Great Barrier Reef.
Source: ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies - external..

May 30, 2016 Climate Change
World Heritage Sites across the globe are increasingly at risk due to climate change, says UNESCO.
Source: UNESCO - external..

May 30, 2016 Aid and the MDGs
Increases in development aid helped to reduce mortality related to time-bound MDG targets.
Source: Global2030.

May 30, 2016 HIV and Hepatitis
The World Health Assembly adopted global health sector strategies on HIV and viral hepatitis.
Members adopted the first hepatitis strategy: a 30% reduction in new cases of hepatitis B and C by 2020 and a 10% reduction in mortality.
They also agreed upon to reduce global HIV-related deaths to 500 000 by 2020, and new HIV infections to 500 000.
Source: WHO - external..

May 27, 2016 G7 Summit on the SDGs
Sustained global leadership and momentum will be critical to meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): the Group of Seven industrialized countries (G7) have a key role to play.
Today, the G7 summit committed to the following:

  • "to advance the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, domestically and internationally"
  • to support developing countries' efforts to implement the SDGs, especially ending hunger and poverty
  • to implement health-related SDGs, especially concerning health security and universal health care
  • "to ending AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria"
  • to lift 500 million people in developing countries out of hunger and malnutrition by 2030
  • to take leadership in reinforcing the response to public health emergencies and antimicrobial resistance
  • to early and robust implementation of the Paris Agreement on climate change, and promoting increased ambition over time.

The G7 is determined to accelerate its work towards a decarbonization of the global economy. It aims for entry into effect of Paris accord by year-end.
The goup set a deadline of 2025 to phase out massive subsidies for fossil fuels.
Furthermore, the G7 emphasized the importance of empowering women, especially in science, technology, engineering and mathematics.
Sources: Deliver 2030 - external., G7 - PDF - external., Reuters - external., The Independent - external..

May 27, 2016 World Health Assembly
The 69th World Health Assembly agreed on targets by 2025 for women, children and adolescents health.
The Assembly also agreed a new Health Emergencies Programme.
Furthermore, the Assembly discussed HIV/AIDS and undernutrition, read our report to see how the time-bound MDG targets performed in both areas.
The sound management of chemicals was also addressed at WHA 69. The GBD study showed lead exposure claimed 853 000 lives in 2013.
Sources: WHO - external., WHO - external., Global2030, GBD study - external..

May 27, 2016 Hepatitis C
New study: The initial spread of hepatitis C in North America was a result of unsafe medical injections.
Source: The Lancet (medical magazine).

May 22, 2016 Diagram: species threatened with extinction rose from 7.9% to 8.7% from 1988 to 2012. Biodiversity
International Day on Biodiversity: The biodiversity MDG target was the only one which regressed during the MDG period.
Data source: UN - PDF - external..

May 19, 2016 Antimicrobial Resistance
Report on antimicrobial resistance released today: By 2050, 10 million people are estimated to die every year from drug resistant infections. The financial cost to economies of drug resistance will add up to $100 trillion by the mid-point of the century.
Source: AMR Review - external..

May 17, 2016 Diagram: change in average pace of progress after trend change occurred. Lessons from MDG Progress
Lessons from the MDGs could impact how our Global Goals are tackled. 21 of the 25 official MDG target indicators showed faster progress after the targets had been set.
Source: Global2030.

May 13, 2016 Internships for Refugees
We have internships and volunteering openings for refugees with academic background. Find out more.

May 12, 2016 Outdoor Air Pollution
Released today: Global urban air pollution levels increased by 8% between 2008 and 2013. Ambient air pollution is the cause of more than 3 million premature deaths worldwide every year.
Source: WHO - external..

May 11, 2016 Armed Conflict and Disasters
New record on internally displaced people (IDPs): 28 million people displaced by conflict and disasters in 2015.
Source: IDMC - external..

May 10, 2016 Biodiversity
Released today: A study on the state of the world's plants found that 391 000 vascular plant species are known to science. Approximately 21% of global plant species are currently threatened with extinction. It also highlighted that 10% of Earth covered by vegetation is vulnerable to climate change.
According to the report, all but one of the world's land ecosystem types (biomes) has seen between 10 and 26% land-cover change in the past decade. 10 of 14 of the world's biomes deteriorated between 2000 and 2013. This highlights the shortfall of the MDG biodiversity target, which Global2030's MDG report found to be the only target to show a regression since it was set in 2002.
Source: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew - external. (Greater London).

May 6, 2016 Diagram: reduction in numbers of child deaths 1990-2015. MDG Targets and Child Mortality
The MDGs had a tremendously positive impact on child lives: approximately 6.8 million child deaths avoided in 2015 compared to 1990.
Source: Global2030.

Climate Change
Released today: Climate change is projected to reduce availability of food, in particular of fruit and vegetables. The resulting change in diets would lead to approximately 529 000 deaths in 2050.
Source: The Lancet magazine - external..

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Global Challenges Survey

The Global2015 draft survey summarizes the most urgent issues for human life and needs. The information is exclusively drawn from reports of scientific institutes, UN (United Nations) organizations, national departments, and other trustworthy sources.

Global Challenges Survey, September 2010

The most recent data on global challenges can be found in our social media posts, in our latest publications and, most comprehensively, in the proposal "Assessing Priorities for Rio+20" - PDF of November 2011 (9 pages plus a 38 page annex, 1.3MB [megabytes])



Participating in the Project


Everyone is welcome to contribute ideas and suggestions to the further development of the draft overview on main global challenges. Please use the contact page. Furthermore, Global2030 approaches scientists and experts to review the draft.

After being reviewed, the completed survey report on global challenges will be published here. The purpose of the survey is to inform and motivate decision-makers in particular, but also the public, to increase their efforts to tackle the global challenges addressed.